The Liangshan Hound is an intelligent, hardy breed with enough stamina and tracking skill to hunt a variety of large and small prey.
Asian and Oceanian
Liangshan Hound History
Liangshan Hounds are native to the mountains of southwest China's Sichuan Province. Experts believe Yi people brought the dogs with them when they migrated to the region hundreds of years ago.
Called Hushan dogs by locals, Liangshan Hounds are excellent hunters with impressive endurance and tracking abilities. People in Liangshan use the breed for hunting, herding, and guarding. But many Liangshan Hounds are free-roaming dogs that largely fend for themselves.
Liangshan Hound Traits
Liangshan Hounds are medium-sized scenthounds with a triangular head, muscular body, and slender legs.
Coat and Coloring
The Liangshan's coat is short and glossy. The hair on the head is black, whereas the rest of the body is black mixed with shades of red and yellow. Some Liangshans have banded hairs that are gray at the root, yellowish-red in the middle, and black at the tip.
Distinctive Physical Traits
Prominent features of this breed include triangular drop ears, deep-set brown eyes, and a bushy tail that curves over the back. Some Liangshans have black-blue spots on their tongue.
Liangshan Hound Temperament
Liangshan Hounds are courageous dogs with good survival skills and a tenacious attitude. They can hunt a range of animals—including bears, foxes, wild boars, otters, and pheasants. Hunters appreciate their endurance and versatility.
Liangshan Hound Care
These hounds thrive on a high-quality diet formulated for their life stage (e.g., puppy, adult, senior). To keep your dog at a healthy weight, measure their portions to avoid overfeeding, and keep an eye on how many treats you're giving them. As a guideline, treats should make up no more than 10% of a dog's daily calories.
Weekly brushing and the occasional bath will keep the Liangshan Hound's coat in tip-top shape. To reduce your pup's chance of ear infections, check their ears regularly and clean them as needed to remove wax build-up and debris.
Nail trims should also be part of every dog's grooming routine, as overly long nails can cause pain and even lead to problems running or walking. Lastly, good dental hygiene will support your pup's overall health. Dental disease is one of the most common health conditions in adult dogs. Left untreated, it can contribute to other serious issues. In addition to professional cleanings, establish an at-home dental care program that includes regular teeth brushing and veterinarian-recommended dental chews.
Liangshan Hounds are active dogs happy to hunt all day. When not hunting, they need plenty of daily exercise to stay happy and healthy. Long walks, hikes, and runs will give them much-needed outlets to burn energy.
Positive reinforcement using treats or favorite toys as rewards is a great approach when training this breed. Additionally, all dogs benefit from early socialization. Introducing them to different people and environments when they're young help them develop into confident, well-mannered adult dogs.