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Breed Education
Shorthaired Dachshund
Shorthaired Dachshund

Shorthaired Dachshund

As the first breed in a diversified Dachshund family, the Shorthaired Dachshund is a true original. Like all Doxies, this breed is alert, lively, and active. The Shorthaired Dachshund's protective natures make it a vigilant watch dog.


13–32 lb


8–11 in


12–16 yr

Breed Group


Dachshund (Shorthaired) - carousel

Shorthaired Dachshund History

The Dachshund dates back to the 15th century. Though some evidence suggests the breed was present in Greece, Egypt, China, and Mexico, many experts believe it originated in Germany. Originally created to hunt badgers, Dachshunds were also successful big-game hunters.

The shorthaired (or smooth) variety is the original breed in the Dachshund family. The breed was later diversified to create the Wirehaired and Longhaired types, as well as miniaturized sizes of all three.

The Shorthaired Dachshund came to the United States in 1885 and simultaneously received American Kennel Club recognition.

Shorthaired Dachshund Traits

General Appearance

Because of its long body and very short legs, the Shorthaired Dachshund is sometimes referred to as a "hot dog" or "wiener dog."

Coat and Coloring

The coat of the Shorthaired Dachshund comes in various colors — including solid or bicolor combinations of light and dark black, red, and tan shades. Brindle and dapple patterns are also possible. Their sleek, short hair should not be too long or thick. Some Shorthaired Doxies have blue eyes.

Distinctive Physical Traits

Shorthaired Dachshunds have instantly recognizable long-backed bodies. And they're famous for their pointy noses and short (but powerful) legs.

Dachshund (Shorthaired) - carousel
Dachshund (Shorthaired) - carousel

Shorthaired Dachshund Temperament

The Shorthaired Dachshund is a friendly, affectionate breed that wants to spend its time surrounded by family. These pups want to be in on the action, not left alone outdoors.

Doxies often bark, scratch at the ground, dig, or chase wildlife, thanks to their hunting dog heritage. They are also sometimes suspicious or fearful of strangers. This may be because they're trying to avoid being picked up, which can cause discomfort to their long-backed body.

Shorthaired Dachshund Care


Dachshunds need high-quality dog food appropriate for their age and breed size. Take care not to overfeed this breed. In addition to other health concerns, any extra weight strains their long backs, potentially leading to disc problems.


The Shorthaired Dachshund is a clean breed, with little or no smell. They do need their nails clipped regularly, as overgrown nails can cause pain or lead to issues walking.


Not every activity is appropriate or safe for Shorthaired Dachshunds due to their unique build. For instance, you should avoid long runs, hurdling fences, and vigorous swims. That said, this active breed is always eager to get out and have some fun in other ways.

In fact, Doxies need regular exercise to stay in shape and build the muscles needed to protect their backs. Just steer clear of activities that involve jumping or climbing stairs to prevent injuries.


With their keen sense of smell and strong prey drive, Shorthaired Dachshunds may choose to pick up a scent and follow it rather than obey instructions. So, patience is a virtue while training this independent breed. A kind tone and positive, reward-based approach are the best tools for training these sensitive dogs.

Shorthaired Dachshunds tend to be protective of their family and territory. Socializing them as puppies will ensure they develop into well-mannered adult dogs.

Dachshund (Shorthaired) - carousel
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Shorthaired Dachshund Genetic Health Conditions

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA (Discovered in the Dachshund)

    Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA (MSP IIIA) is a disease of progressive incoordination, first in the pelvic legs and later progressing to all four legs. Leg movements become erratic when walking and affected dogs have difficulty balancing.

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Discovered in the Dachshund)

    Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a disease of fragile bones and loose joints.

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1

    Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1 (NCL1) is a neurological disease, with typical signs of rapidly progressing vision impairment, ataxia (uncontrolled movements), and behavioral changes, such as anxiety, sound sensitivity, and inability to recognize familiar individuals.

  • Narcolepsy (Discovered in the Dachshund)

    Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes sudden attacks of sleep due to the brain's inability to regulate REM sleep.

Knowing if your Shorthaired Dachshund is a carrier or at-risk for these conditions can help you and your veterinarian plan for your pup’s lifelong care. With Wisdom Panel™ Premium, you can get results for over 200 genetic health tests.

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