This breed is one of the oldest of the “Molasser-type” breeds having been around for nearly 2000 years. Their name pays homage to the region they are from, the Caucasus between the Black and Caspian Seas; however, they are believed to be descended from the original sheepdogs of Tibet. There is also archaeological evidence that has them possibly dating back even further to Mesopotamia. These dogs were bred to make invaluable companions to the shepherds of the area, fiercely guarding their flocks of sheep from predators including wolves, jackals, and bears. This kind of work meant they needed to be fearless, strong and intimidating while also being “weatherproof.”
In a word, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is massive. Once you see one you won’t mistake it for any other breed and you’ll be sure to understand why, along with their behavior traits of being alert, quick, powerful and calm, they were so effective at their original jobs of protecting livestock. As is common, males tending to be a bit larger than females and those from the mountain regions tend to be more muscular, while those from the plain regions leaner. Their thick and oh-so-dense coat will have you wishing you could cuddle them for days. There are two varieties, long and short-haired. The long-haired variety has wispy hairs around the face that are said to look like a lion’s mane. All this fur provides protection from the elements and their ears are cropped short and covered densely with hair for insulation. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog can vary in color from gray and fawn, to tan, pied, brindle and white.