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Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII (Discovered in the Brazilian Terrier)

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII (MPS VII) is a disorder causing severe changes in skeletal structure, with joint hyperlaxity.

Key Signs

Dysmorphia, Skeletal lesions, Death

Age of Onset

0 to 2 yrs

Juvenile onset

Inheritance

Autosomal Recessive

For autosomal recessive disorders, dogs with two copies of the variant are at risk of developing the condition. Dogs with one copy of the variant are considered carriers and are usually not at risk of developing the disorder. However, carriers of some complex variants grouped in this category may be associated with a low risk of developing the disorder. Individuals with one or two copies may pass the disorder-associated variant to their puppies if bred.

Likelihood of the Condition

High likelihood

At risk dogs are highly likely to show signs of this disease in their lifetime.

What to Do

Here’s how to care for a dog with MPS VII

Partner with your veterinarian to make a plan regarding your dog’s well-being, including any insights provided through genetic testing. If your pet is at risk or is showing signs of this disorder, then the first step is to speak with your veterinarian.

For Veterinarians

Here’s what a vet needs to know about MPS VII

The first clinical signs of mucopolysaccharidosis VII can be seen in 2 to 4 week old puppies. Affected puppies show facial dysmorphia that includes a short broad face with low set ears. Affected dogs also have a broader body than their unaffected littermates. Affected puppies have difficulty standing and moving due to severe changes in the bone structure (spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia) and joint hyperlaxity.

Treatment is supportive care, however, affected puppies are usually euthanized on welfare grounds because of the severity of the condition. Experimental gene therapy may prove curative in the future.

For Breeders

Planning to breed a dog with this genetic variant?

There are many responsibilities to consider when breeding dogs. Regardless of test results it is important that your dog is in good general health and that you are in a position to care for the puppies if new responsible owners are not found. For first time or novice breeders, advice can be found at most kennel club websites.

This disease is autosomal recessive meaning that two copies of the mutation are needed for disease signs to occur. A carrier dog with one copy of the MPS VII mutation can be safely bred with a clear dog with no copies of the MPS VII mutation. About half of the puppies will have one copy (carriers) and half will have no copies of the MPS VII mutation. Puppies in a litter which is expected to contain carriers should be tested prior to breeding. Carrier to carrier matings are not advised as the resulting litter may contain affected puppies. Please note: It is possible that disease signs similar to the ones caused by the MPS VII mutation could develop due to a different genetic or clinical cause.

Technical Details

Gene GUSB
Variant C>T
Chromosome 6
Coordinate 740,428

All coordinates reference CanFam3.1

References & Credit

Credit to our scientific colleagues:

Hytönen, M. K., Arumilli, M., Lappalainen, A. K., Kallio, H., Snellman, M., Sainio, K., & Lohi, H. (2012). A novel GUSB mutation in Brazilian terriers with severe skeletal abnormalities defines the disease as mucopolysaccharidosis VII. PLoS ONE, 7(7), 1–11. View the article