Breed Description +

Xoloitzcuintli are intelligent, alert, loyal and friendly dogs that make good pets. They are also very good climbers. Xoloitzcuintli are naturally protective of their owners and can be aloof with strangers. This breed is easy to house train but benefits from a strong owner becoming its "pack leader". They like to stay close to their owners and therefore are at low risk for running away.
  • AKC Name:


  • Common Name(s):

    Xoloitzcuintli, Xoloitzcuintle, Mexican Hairless Dog

  • AKC Group:


  • Genetic Group:


  • Observed Weight:

    5 - 45 lb

  • Show Weight:

    5 - 45 lb


Identifying Features:

Average Height: 10 - 24 in


The Xoloitzcuintli, or Xolo (pronounced "SHOH-lo") for short, is a breed from Mexico which is thought to have been in the Americas for over 3000 years. The name comes from the Aztec god "Xolotl" and the Aztec name for dog, "Itzcuintli". This may be one of the reasons the dog was historically thought to have magical powers ranging from healing the sick to warding off evil spirits. Although alternatively known as the Mexican Hairless Dog, a short-coated haired variety exists. Previously being one of the first breeds registered by the American Kennel Club as the Mexican Hairless Dog, the breed lost popularity in the late 1950s and was unlisted by the AKC, though it has more recently gained popularity and was recognized by the AKC in 2011.

Think your dog might have some Xoloitzcuintli in it? Find out with a Wisdom Panel test!