Canadian Eskimo Dog

Canadian Eskimo Dog

Breed Description +

Friendly, hardy, highly active dogs. Large size and heavy coat require that they have a lot of room to roam, and they do not tolerate heat well. May not be appropriate for households with small pets such as cats as they have strong natural hunting instincts. Due to their strength and size, they may inadvertently injure small children when playing, so close supervision required.
  • Common Name(s):

    Inuit Dog, Esquimaux Husky, Qimmiq

  • Genetic Group:


  • Observed Weight:


  • Show Weight:



Identifying Features:

Average Height: 20-28in


The Canadian Eskimo dog, Inuit dog, Esquimaux Husky, or simply, Qimmiq ("dog"), is considered one of the oldest indigenous breeds of North America. Kept by the Thule people of Greenland and modern-day Arctic Canada more than 1,000 years ago, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is thought to have been brought with ancient Inuit predecessors from Mongolia. The Inuit people used them as draft dogs, to find seal blow-holes, and to hunt musk ox and polar bear. By 1970, the breed was facing extinction. Led by "Bill" Carpenter and John McGrath, the Eskimo Dog Research Foundation was formed in 1972 to save the breed; they searched the remote villages and camps of the Canadian Arctic, and found less than 200 dogs extant with which to start a breeding program. The continued existence of the breed is largely due to the success of those efforts, with numbers of dogs registered with the Canadian Kennel Club slowly rising, although the breed is still quite rare. The Canadian Eskimo Dog is the animal symbol of the territory of Nunavut. The breed is recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club and received recognition by the British Kennel Club in 2000.

Think your dog might have some Canadian Eskimo Dog in it? Find out with a Wisdom Panel test!