The Schipperke breed was developed in Belgium as a working dog used aboard river boats. Their name is believed to mean either "little captain" or "little shepherd." On board the barges the Schipperke had three jobs which consisted of ridding the barges of rats and other vermin, nipping at the heels of tow horses, and providing security by barking if anyone approached the barge. Before the name Schipperke was given the breed, they were called "Spitzke." The Schipperke was standardized and the modern name of Schipperke was given in 1888, the same year the breed was introduced to the United States. It officially entered the ranks of American Kennel Club recognized breeds in 1904. Even today, Schipperkes are found on many yachts and other boats around the world. They are one of the few breeds that do not suffer from seasickness.