The Samoyed was developed by the Samoyedic people of Siberia. They are a long established breed which recent studies have placed among the fourteen most ancient breeds in existence. The Samoyed was developed by nomadic herders to pull sleds and herd reindeer. They were first introduced to England by Robert Scott in 1889. It was in England that the breed’s modern traits were developed. The Samoyed was finally introduced to the United States in 1906 when Russia’s Grand Duke Nicholas presented one of the dogs as a gift to the United States; the Samoyed was recognized by the American Kennel Club the very same year. Their reputation as sled pullers is unmatched and a team of Samoyeds led Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen on his journey to the South Pole in 1911. Samoyeds are sometimes called "The Smiley Dog," because they seem to have a permanent smile on their face.