Presa Canarios or Dogo Canario (Canary dog) as they are also known, were developed during the 19th Century in the Canary Islands for use in dog fights, guarding and herding. They are a large Molosser-type dog breed. Both the Bardino Majero breed, which was indigenous to the Canaries but is now extinct, and imported English Mastiffs are believed to have been involved in the development of this breed. By the 1960’s, this breed was facing extinction as a result of the outlawing of dog fighting and the introduction of popular foreign dog breeds such as the German Shepherd Dog, Doberman Pinscher and Great Dane. The breed’s revival was the result of the work of an American vet called Dr Carl Semencie. The breed is a member of the American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service.