The Curly-Coated Retriever is one of the oldest of the retriever breeds and dates back to the early nineteenth century in England. While the exact lineage of the breed cannot be proven, the Curly-Coated Retriever is believed to have descended from the Close-Curled English Water Dog, the St. John's Newfoundland and the Old Water Spaniel. As the breed's popularity decreased in England, it increased in Australia and New Zealand, where it is appreciated for its excellent retrieving skills. Because the breed is not as common in Europe and America, it can often be harder to locate and breeders tend to charge a premium. The breed was brought to the United States in 1907 but did not receive American Kennel Club recognition until 1993.