The Cirneco dell’Etna is a small hunting dog originating from the Mediterranean island of Sicily where it has been for at least 2500 years. It is one of the smallest of the similar sighthounds found on islands throughout the Mediterranean. It has been developed to function over rough and sometimes volcanic terrain and is a keen hunter, using scent, sight and hearing to hunt both rabbit and fowl. The breed was standardized in the 1930s when a standard was agreed with the Italian Kennel Club in 1939 and it was later recognized by the FCI in 1989. It was recognized by the AKC in 2015 and added to the hound group.